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What are the common environmental regulations?


1. Prevention is the main focus, and prevention and control are combined with policies

The environmental protection policy is to control environmental pollution within a certain range and achieve efficient pollution levels through various methods.Therefore, taking measures in advance to avoid or reduce environmental pollution and damage is the most efficient way to solve environmental problems.The main goal of China's environmental protection is to prevent the generation and spread of environmental pollution in the process of economic development.Its main measures are: to incorporate environmental protection into national and local medium- and long-term and annual national economic and social development plans; to implement an environmental impact assessment system and a “three simultaneous” system for development and construction projects.

2. Who pollutes and who governs the policy

From the perspective of environmental economics, the environment is a scarce resource and a shared resource. In order to avoid the “tragedy of shared land”, environmental vandals must bear the cost of governance.This is also the embodiment of the internationally common polluter-pays principle, that is, polluters bear the responsibility and costs of their pollution.Its main measures are: to levy excessive pollution discharge fees on enterprises and institutions that exceed emission standards and discharge pollutants into the atmosphere, water bodies, etc., specifically for the prevention and control of pollution; to implement time-limited treatment for seriously polluted enterprises and institutions; combined with the technological transformation of enterprises to prevent and control industrial pollution.

3. Strengthen environmental management policies

Due to the existence of transaction costs, externalities cannot be resolved through coordination in the private market.Solving external problems requires relying on the role of the government.Pollution is a typical external behavior. Therefore, the government must intervene in environmental protection, play the role of controller and supervisor, and work with enterprises to carry out environmental governance.The main purpose of strengthening environmental management policies is to control and reduce environmental pollution and damage caused by poor management by strengthening the environmental governance responsibilities of governments and enterprises.Its main measures are: gradually establish and improve a system of environmental protection regulations and standards, establish and improve environmental protection agencies of governments at all levels and national and local monitoring networks; implement a responsibility system for environmental goals of local governments at all levels; and implement quantitative assessments of comprehensive environmental remediation in important cities.

What are the measures for environmental protection?

(1) Prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by production and living activities, including the prevention and control of the “three wastes” (waste water, exhaust gas, waste three wastes), dust, radioactive substances and noise, vibration, stench and electromagnetic microwave radiation emitted by industrial production, harmful gases, liquids, noise generated by transportation activities, pollutants discharged from maritime ship transportation, toxic and harmful chemicals used in industrial and agricultural production and people's lives, pollution caused by soot, sewage and garbage discharged from urban life, etc.;

(2) Prevent environmental damage caused by construction and development activities, including preventing pollution and damage to the environment caused by the construction of large-scale water conservancy projects, railways, trunk roads, large ports and terminals, airports, and large-scale industrial projects, agricultural reclamation and lake-encircling land-making activities, offshore oil fields, the development of coastal zones and swamps, the development of forests and mineral resources, the destruction and impact of the environment caused by the establishment and construction of new industrial zones and new towns, etc. Damage, pollution and impact on the environment;

(3) Protect the natural environment of special value, including providing effective protection for rare species and their living environment, special natural development historical relics, geological phenomena, landforms, etc.In addition, urban and rural planning, controlling soil erosion and desertification, affording forests, controlling population growth and distribution, and rationally allocating productivity are all elements of environmental protection.Environmental protection has become one of the common actions and main tasks of governments and people around the world today.China has declared environmental protection as a basic national policy of China, and has formulated and promulgated a series of laws and regulations on environmental protection to ensure the implementation of this basic national policy.